What is the development direction of smart mining solutions? What should companies do?
What is a smart mine? A smart mine refers to the use of modern high-tech and a full set of mine automation equipment and other emerging technologies to improve the production efficiency and economic benefits of the mine. Through real-time dynamic monitoring of the mine production process, these measures can enable Mine production is maintained at a better state and better level. New digital technology can help the traditional mining industry to improve all aspects of production from the supply chain to monitoring and security, in order to optimize management, improve work efficiency, save corporate costs, and then promote the sustainable development of the entire industry.
1. Concept proposed: In 2010, the concept of smart mining was introduced to my country from a developed state, and it immediately caused a great shock in my country's mining industry. 2. Internet policy issuance: In 2016, the former Ministry of Land and Resources issued the "National Mineral Resources Plan (2016-2020)", which clearly stated that in the next five years, we must vigorously promote technological innovation in the mining sector and accelerate the construction of digital, intelligent, and automated mines. , Vigorously develop "Internet + mining". 3. Release of landing documents: On May 1, 2018, the standard "General Technical Specifications for Smart Mine Information Systems" (GB/T34679-2017) was formally promulgated and implemented, marking that the construction of intelligent mines in my country has begun to truly land. 4. Intelligent construction: At the beginning of this year, the Coal Mine Safety Supervision Bureau issued the "Key R&D Catalog of Coal Mine Robots", which clearly promoted the dehumanization and unmanned operation of coal mine site operations. The relevant plan is clear that by 2020, my country will build 100 primary intelligent demonstration coal mines, and by 2025, all large coal mines will be basically intelligent.
Difficulties in the development of smart mines
(1) There is a serious lack of relevant standards. Due to the lack of top-level design and planning at the beginning, Chinese mines lack the guidance and constraints of relevant standards when conducting informatization construction, which has promoted disorderly competition among system manufacturers, resulting in extremely poor interconnection and interoperability of a large number of systems under construction. (2) Lack of interdisciplinary applications. Many problems faced by mines need to be effectively solved by combining multi-disciplinary knowledge. The integrated application of multi-disciplinary knowledge software is the solution. However, there is currently a lack of a unified and open public platform, which cannot provide channels for the integration and analysis of multidisciplinary knowledge. (3) Pay more attention to hardware than software. When a large number of mines in China carry out informatization construction, they often attach great importance to the investment in hardware equipment, but are stingy and stingy with software. According to statistics from relevant parties, the coal industry’s investment in application software only accounts for about 20% of the informatization investment, resulting in a large amount of information resources obtained not being used rationally and effectively, not only causing a serious waste of information resources, but also no better Serving the production and operation of the mine. (4) The phenomenon of "information islands" is serious. China’s mine informatization has developed to this day, and various subsystems have basically achieved network integration, but the massive data obtained by each system cannot be effectively shared, let alone integrated analysis. This single-soldier combat model of each system makes the phenomenon of "information islands" extremely prominent in the mining industry, and the powerful advantages of modern information technology have yet to be explored in depth.
Yixin Huachen Smart Mine Solution
1. The unified data governance system takes "separation of data and usage, intelligent drive" as the governance idea, and builds a data lifecycle governance system that conforms to the development of big data through data processing models such as extraction, cleaning, correlation, comparison, and identification. 2. Unified data standards. In view of the inconsistency of emergency and energy industry data standards, it is necessary to formulate unified and standardized data standards. Including the construction of standard systems such as data classification and coding, data interface and interaction, database management, and standard management rules and regulations. 3. Aiming at the phenomenon of information islands, the unified application center realizes real-time sharing of multi-source information and awareness of safe production status by building a unified portal, unified certification, and unified management integrated application platform. Zhou Keping, a professor and doctoral supervisor of Central South University, believes that mining in the 21st century is to build a new intelligent model to realize the digitization of resources and mining environment, the intelligentization of technology and equipment, the visualization of production processes, the networking of information transmission, and production management. And scientific decision-making.